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Query from: K. Vimala, INDIA, 07/13/06
Topic: SPIRITUALITY      Submitted on:
Subject: naga panchami nomu:hello,please give me details of how to perform nagapanchami nomu in sravana masam

Hi ammas. I want to perform Naga Panchami Nomu in the near coming sravana masam. Can you give me the details of how to perform the vratham and the related story.

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Response from: Mrs. Sai Sai,   
Council Member on
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You can fast on Naga Panchami. You can go to Temple and do Puja. I don't know about Naga Panchami Nomu. I did not find any Naga Panchami Nomu in my Nomulu book which I brought from India.

You can also see this link in about how to do Naga Puja…

Nagapooja :

Mix rice flour with water and make sarpa statue on a clean plate.Do pooja to it with flowers. pour milk(unheated) to it and offer bananas and sesame seeds.Do it in the morning and fast till evening.

You can also see this link…


On the fifth day of the bright half of Shravan people worship the snake, or as snakes in India are known, the "nag".

The day is known as "Nag Panchami". The festival falls during the onset of the monsoons and is believed to counter the increased possibility of a snake bite during this time, especially since the rivers are in spate.

People visit temples specially dedicated to snakes and worship them. Shiva temples are also favoured places for veneration as snakes are considered dear to him. In South India, people sculpt images of snakes using cow dung, which are then placed on either side of the entrance to the house. This is done to welcome the snake god.

In some other parts of southern India, figures of snakes are drawn with red sandalwood paste on wooden boards, or clay images of snakes coloured yellow or black are purchased. These are then worshipped and offered milk since snakes are believed to like milk.

Some go to worship the snake which is believed to be hiding in the holes of anthills. Or else a five hooded snake is made by mixing "gandh" (a fragrant pigment), "halad-kumkum" (turmeric powder), "chandan" (sandal) and "keshar" (saffron) and placed on a metal plate and worshipped.

On this day, devotees pour milk into all the holes in the ground around the house or near the temple to propitiate them. Sometimes, a small pot of milk with some flowers is placed near the holes so that the snakes may drink it. If a snake actually drinks the milk, it is considered to be extremely lucky for the devotee.

Legend has it that the serpents are believed to have the capability to change their shape at will. When in human form, they are depicted as beautiful women and handsome men. The victory of Krishna over the Kaliya snake is commemorated on this day. For this reason Krishna is known as "Kaliya Mardan.

Naga Panchami is one of the oldest festivals. Many women fast on this day and in fact it even finds mention in the Puranas. It is believed to be one of the most auspicious days of the entire year.

According to the Bhavishya Purana, when men bathe the snakes called Vasuki, Takshaka, Kaliya, Manibhadra, Airavata, Dhritarashtra, Karkotaka and Dhananjaya with milk on the fifth day of the bright fortnight of Shravan, they ensure freedom from danger for their families.

These are then worshipped and offered milk. Snake charmers wander about with all sorts of snakes, to which people offer milk. The snake charmers are paid some money for allowing this Serpent worship.

In the Ashvalayana Grihyasutra, the Paraskara Grihyasutra and other Grihyasutras, a rite called Sarpabali or 'offerings to serpents' was performed on the full moon night of Shriven. However the reason that it was moved from the full moon night to that of the fifth night of the bright fortnight is not apparent. It may be due to the slight change in the time of the onset of the rains.

You an also see these links…………

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Response from: Hari Rama,   
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Hi,… Popularly known as the festival in honour of snakes, it is celebrated during the bright fortnight of the month of Shravana. In the celebration, in the South images of Snakes are crafted in cowdung on either side of the entrance to the house as a mark of welcome to snake God and offering of milks are given in the holes around the house.

The festival is widely observed by the women folk who seek protection from the snakes otherwise known as Nagas.

In my house the priest comes and do the puja

Rate = 2.5 (Rated by 4 Council Members)
Response from: Sneha Shiva,   
Featured Member on
Hello Vimala, The pooja is done in different ways according to their customs and beliefs. Links here can be of use to you. You may be Southern part of India - Tamilian or Keralite then follow the system…… As usual there are different version of story. See these link with interesting legend behind it.……………

Sunday, July 30 - Naga Panchami, Naga Pooja at 6:00 P.M

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Response from: NEERAJA NAVEEN,   
Registered Member on Ask Agent

Naga Panchami is a festival dedicated to a the snake-God. It occurs on the fifth day (panchami) of the fortnight as is evident from its name. It is celebrated during the bright fortnight of the month of Shravana It is celebrated with more fervour especially in the rural areas.

On that day women and children visit snake-pits and worship the snakes residing there by performing Aarti (invocative prayer) and offering milk and honey to the snakes. In urban areas where snake pits are rare images of the deity are worshipped. As during Ganesh-chaturthi, small clay images of Naga are installed for being worshipped. Even snake-charmers carry captive snakes from door to door to enable city house-wives to worship the deity.

Naga Panchami is also known as Nagula Chavithi.'Nagula' means of the snakes and 'Chavithi' is the fourth day after every New Moon or Full Moon day.

Hindus deify snakes and regard them with veneration. This may be due to their association with the Gods. Shesha or Ananta, the thousand hooded king of serpents forms the couch for Lord Vishnu. The King of serpents Vasuki adorns the neck of Lord Shiva forming a crest over the Lord. This day is dedicated to snakes and they are worshipped with milk and fruits.

Snake worship is quite common specially in South India where there are shrines in many houses where the householder feed the serpents. It seems the most celebrated shrine is that of Meccad of a Nambudiri house holder in Malabar. In Bengal, Manasa is worshipped as the goddess of serpents and feast in honour of this Goddess serpent is celebrated with great pomp.

To some, this day denotes the return of Krishna from the Yamuna after overcoming the snake Kaliya. Krishna's herdsmen celebrated the Naga panchmi day by treating Kaliya with milk as a gratitude for not harming their beloved Krishna. There are many folklores in connection with snake cult. At Sirale a fair is held on Naga panchami when snakes are specially caught worshipped and then set free.

At Vitthal in South India is the temple of Ananteshwara (Lord Ishwara with large snake as its crest) where snakes are worshipped and appeased if anything goes wrong. Digging and ploughing is strictly abstained lest the snakes are injured.

The Legend

Legend behind this celebration is that during the churning of the ocean by gods and demons in search of "Amrutham" (the nectar of immortality), Lord Shiva swallowed the poison that emerged. A snake was used as rope in the process and a terrible poison ('garalam') was one of the many things that emerged from it.

It would have engulfed the whole world, but for Lord Shiva, who swallowed it and retained it in His throat, lest it kill Him. His throat turned blue - hence, He is called "Neelakantha". However, a few drops fell out and to ward off the evil effects people worship the Cobra, the king of snakes, to pacify the brood and protect themselves from their deadly poison.

Another story behind this festival is that once a sister requests her brother to get her some kedigE flowers ( an yellow coloured scented flower whose petals are palm leaves, said to be a favorite of snake god ) to worship the diety. The brother who goes inside a forest to fetch the flower is bitten by a snake and dies. The sister offers prayer to the snake god and gets her brother back to life.

Hence on this day the brothers visit their married sisters , accept the sweets prepared by them and the sisters apply milk and ghee to the back and the navel ( signifying the umbilical cord which the siblings share while in mother's womb) and pray god for a long life to their brothers. Little girls and their brothers together worship the snake god at home and apply milk and ghee to each other.

Nagapanchami occurs at the beginning of the harvest season. The time of its occurence and the method of its observation betray the origin of Nagapanchami in the agrarian way of life. At the beginning of a harvest season crops attain their full growth and the harvest is ready to be reaped.

In countries like India the reaping of the harvest is (still largely) a manual operation for the performance of which farmers have to mote among the dense crops for cutting them before the threshing, dehusking, etc. In doing the farmers, expose themselves to the danger of snakebite from these reptiles lurking unseen among the dense crop. From this fear and for providing psychological comfort for themselves farmers propitiate the snake (God).

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Response from: Latha Jayaprakash,   
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Dear Vimala,

The day preceding Nagapanchami ,ie the fourth day of the shrawan is called naga chauthi. On this day women have their head bath and wearing wet clothes which marks sanctity and divinity visit the snake pits in the morning. Raw milk and ghee are offered , followed by haldi, kumkum , chandan , rice and flowers . Prayers are offered for the well being of the families . Those who offer such worship on this day undertake fastingon the day .

On Nag panchami people also make images of snakes with cow dungand place them on the either side of the entrance of the house to welcome the snake god . If you'd like to know more about the pooja go to the site… and also this…

I hope you have what you wanted .All the best

Rate = 3 (Rated by 4 Council Members)
Response from: Sujith K,   
Registered Member on

You can do the Naga Panchami after fifth day of New moon in Sravana Masam.On that day u should take the "vradham"(Upavas).Normally sisters are taking Upavas for the long live of their brothers.Another important thing is, on that nobody( at ur home) should do the digging.Naga panchami related to the earth. So earth needs rest on that day.

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