Customary Divorce is what I guess you want to know about.
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West African customary divorces
Although there is statutory provision for marriages and divorces throughout West Africa, the form of marriage and divorce most commonly encountered, especially amongst citizens of Ghana and Nigeria, is one that has taken place according to tribal custom. Tribal divorces are essentially an agreement between the heads of both families that the couple's marriage has broken down and that they be divorced and any dowry be returned. It is not necessary for either party to be present when the families agree to the dissolution of the marriage.
There are customary courts which may dissolve customary marriages. The recognition of such a divorce would fall to Section 46(1) of the Family Law Act 1986. A customary divorce may fall to be recognised under Section 46(2) of the Act, but special attention should be paid to the whereabouts of the parties during the 12 months preceding the divorce.
Since 1985 there has been a statutory requirement in Ghana for customary divorces and marriages to be registered. It is the practice of the General Register Office to accept as evidence of a customary divorce:
* affidavits sworn by persons who state themselves to be the heads of both the parties' families; and
* the registration document; and
* certification from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (the certificate provides evidence that the affidavits and registration document are genuine).
The divorce is effective from the date the heads of family agree the divorce. That date should also be the effective date for consideration by caseworkers
(Rated by 2 Council Members)