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Query from: Anonymous, United States, 04/12/10
Topic: OTHER_HEALTH AND BEAUTY      Submitted on: AnswerPod.com
Subject: What causes a person to have a "nervous breakdown" ?

This question has come from a cell phone.

Here is the question: What causes a person to have a "nervous breakdown?"

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Response from: katrina singh,   
Registered Member on Ammas.com
Source: This information comes from my own knowledge.
Hello

What "breaks down" is not so much the nerves and neurons, but the adrenal glands. A more accurate term would be the "exhaustion phase of the general adaption syndrome," but obviously that is quite a mouthful. Excessive STRESS is what can cause "nervous breakdowns." Stress includes the obvious things like exam pressures, trouble with parents or teachers, peer pressure, but also includes things like a significant personal achievement, making a major purchase,changes in routines of life (sleeping, eating habits), moving to a different part of town - even the change in seasons and temperatures. It can come from almost anything which causes a disturbance in normal living.Stress triggers a number of physiological changes collectively termed "GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME." There are three phases: 1) alarm, 2) resistance, and 3) exhaustion. These phases are controlled and regulated by the adrenal glands. Your adrenal glands lie just above your kidneys and are composed of inner and outer parts. The inner part is called the adrenal medulla, and it secretes the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline. These hormones help your body deal with stressful situations. If you were alone and met a gang in some back alley, your adrenal glands would flood your body with the hormones, your blood pressure, heart rate, sweat production would shoot way high! Your body is in a "FIGHT or FLIGHT" mode. (Just thinking about getting in such a situation may have caused some stress!) Well, whenever your body deals with smaller stresses, the same hormones are released. The outer part of the adrenal glands is the adrenal cortex. They also produce hormones, but slightly different ones: glucocorticoids and mineralcorticoids. Glucocorticoids can increase blood sugar levels profoundly, while mineralcorticoids affect mineral excretion. These hormones are largely responsible for helping the body deal with prolonged stress. They help provide extra energy and blood supply. For instance, if you had a whole week of finals, your adrenal cortex would work overtime as you burn the midnight oil studying. These instances are the "resistance" phase of the general adaptation syndrome. STRESS can accumulate to a point when it is impossible to cope. You feel like pulling your hair, giving up, screaming, etc. Or, you are having a "nervous breakdown." What is happened is you have reached the "exhaustion" stage of the general adaptation syndrome. Essentially, the adrenal cortex has depleted stores of glucocorticoids, and your cells cannot get the extra sugar and nutrients they need to cope. Furthermore, minerals like potassium are excreted, causing an unbalanced mineral status. These causes place tremendous loads on the heart, blood vessels, immune system, brain, and virtually every other part of your body. Exhaustion can be a collapse of one specific organ or of the entire body. Psychological stress has even been linked to cancer,diabetes, autoimmune diseases, asthma, menstrual problems, PMS, arthritis,colitis, ulcers, heart disease, depression, and depression. Signs of impending exhaustion: fatigue, irritation, loss of appetite or insatiable appetite, chronic high blood pressure, thoughts of giving up, loss of interest in what use to provide pleasure. For a few tips as to how to avoid "nervous breakdowns." Stress management can include exercise, stretching, meditation, relaxation, biofeedback, massage, taking a vacation, getting enough sleep, talking to a good listener, eating well-balanced meals, etc. In other words, try to get away from stress regularly - set apart times in the day to refresh. Taking some vitamins and minerals may help, too. Potassium is lost to a great degree during stressful situations, so eat an extra banana or take a potassium tablet. Vitamin C is known to support the adrenal glands, so eat lots of fruits and vegetables, or take a C tablet. Good nutrition is very important, so if you live off fast food, it may do some good to add some fruits, nuts,juices, whole grain cereals, and a multiple vitamin/mineral supplement to your diet.

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Response from: B Sreekanth Reddy,   
Council Member on Ammas.com
Source: http://www.mental-health-matters.co…
A "Nervous Breakdown" is a popular term - it is not a clinical term - that is often used to describe a mental disorder that a person experiences. It is used for a number of reasons, including: to hide a diagnosis; to avoid the stigma of a diagnosis; not understanding the reasons for certain loss of function (such as not seeing a doctor, but having symptoms); and not accepting a diagnosis among others.

There are many disorders that can fit within the criteria of "Nervous Breakdown", but those that most commonly occur are those related to:

* Anxiety Disorders

o Generalized Anxiety Disorder o Panic Disorder

* Panic Attacks

* Trauma Disorders

o Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

o Acute Stress Disorder

* Psychotic Disorders

o Schizophrenia

* Mood (Affective) Disorders

o Depression

o Bipolar Disorder

The Disorder that is mimics the most directly however is Major Depressive Disorder (Depression).

On the historical note, the reason the term "Nervous Breakdown" came into being was that people preferred to have a physical (Nerves) illness as opposed to a psychological or psychiatric illness.

There is always a trigger or catalyst that sparks a nervous breakdown. Breakdowns usually stem from a change in a major life event such as a broken relationship, death of a loved one, a demanding job or financial difficulties.

There are many treatment methods and approaches for dealing with nervous breakdowns. Choosing the right one depends on the diagnosis of the individual case, as there is no standard cure. There are ways to prevent a nervous breakdown, conventional treatments, natural remedies, nutritional supplements and many other therapies to choose from.

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Response from: nagesh n2,   
Registered Member on Ask Agent
Source: http://www.nativeremedies.com/ailme…
A nervous breakdown can be described as an acute emotional or psychological collapse. The term nervous breakdown is not a medical term, but rather a colloquial term used by the general public to refer to and characterize a wide range of mental illnesses.

It generally occurs when a person is unable to function in social roles anymore, experiencing severe depression or feelings of being out of touch with reality. This often occurs after a long period of stress which has not been adequately dealt with.

This inability to function can occur in both work and personal arenas, resulting in difficulty in fulfilling obligations. It also causes the individual to develop physical, mental and emotional symptoms. A person experiencing symptoms of a nervous breakdown may feel extreme tiredness, weakness, episodes of uncontrollable crying, confusion, disorientation and feelings of worthlessness.

There may also be a loss of self-esteem and confidence, extreme weight loss or weight gain, disrupted sleep patterns and feelings of guilt and despair. In severe cases, an inability to move, called catatonic posturing, may result. This is a serious psychiatric condition and should not be taken lightly. Other Disorders Associated with a Nervous Breakdown

* Depression * Panic disorder * Panic attacks * Anxiety disorder * Generalized anxiety disorder * Acute stress disorder * Post-traumatic stress disorder * Trauma disorders * Schizophrenia * Psychotic disorders * Mood (affective) disorders * Biopolar disorder

Learning to manage stress and identify the early symptoms of a nervous breakdown such as anxiety, depression and panic disorders can help to prevent its onset. Many people have experienced being on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and it is this feeling of overwhelming helplessness that has forced them to revamp their lifestyles and has offered them the opportunity for growth and enlightenment.

Close Diagnosing a Nervous Breakdown

Your doctor will perform a physical examination to rule out any other medical conditions, and also ask you what symptoms you are experiencing. A course of medication may be prescribed as well as a referral to a psychologist or psychotherapist. Symptoms of a Nervous Breakdown & Early Warning Signs

There are physical, emotional and behavioral warning signs and symptoms of a nervous breakdown. They include:

Physical symptoms of a nervous breakdown

* Sleep disruption - much longer periods of sleep or insomnia * Diarrhea * Constipation * Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) * Breathing problems * Migraine headaches * Low libido * Memory loss * Disrupted menstrual cycle * Extreme exhaustion/fatigue * Feelings of persistent anxiety or panic attacks * Significant changes in appetite, such as eating too little or too much (comfort eating) * Visual/eye disturbances

Emotional symptoms

* Anxiety * Depression * Agitation and restlessness * Indecision * Loss of confidence and selfesteem * Inability to stop crying * Feelings of guilt, poor judgment * Disinterest in social life and work or alienation from previously close friends and family * Hearing voices * Inability to pursue a normal life, normal activities or normal relationships * Increasing dependence on alcohol or drugs * Paranoid thoughts, such as the thought people are trying to harm you * Seeing people who are not there * Thoughts of dying or wish to die * Thoughts of grandeur or invincibility * Having flashbacks to a prior traumatic event * Hearing voices

Behavioral symptoms

* Mood swings * Strange behavior such as odd body movements or undressing in public * Exhibiting strong or violent anger

In more extreme cases, psychosis can occur where the person will experience complete loss of contact with reality. The symptoms may include hallucinations or visions, feelings of victimization or persecution, strange speech patterns and behaviors as well as extreme guilt or grandiosity. What Causes a Nervous Breakdown?

View products related to Nervous Breakdown Related Products

There is always a trigger or catalyst that sparks a nervous breakdown. Breakdowns usually stem from a change in a major life event such as a broken relationship, death of a loved one, a demanding job or financial difficulties. Factors that may contribute to a breakdown include:

* Stress * Depression * Alcohol and drug abuse, particularly cocaine * Genetics (family history) * Coexisting medical conditions, such as vitamin deficiencies, thyroid disorders, movement disorders, skin and limb problems, etc. * Anxiety surrounding major life changes or disorders, such as pregnancy/after birth/labor, menopause, etc. * Schizophrenia * Extreme guilt or emotional problems

Help for Nervous Breakdowns

There are many treatment methods and approaches for dealing with nervous breakdowns. Choosing the right one depends on the diagnosis of the individual case, as there is no standard cure. There are ways to prevent a nervous breakdown, conventional treatments, natural remedies, nutritional supplements and many other therapies to choose from.

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